Veterinary Drug Prescribing Practices at Ateso Veterinary Clinic of Masha Woreda, Sheka Zone, South West Ethiopia


  • Esayas Balcha Animal Health Institute, Wolaita Sodo Branch, Ethiopia
  • Teshager Shawano School of Veterinary Medicine, Wolaita Sodo University, Ethiopia



South-West Ethiopia, Veterinary Clinic, Veterinary Drug, Woreda.


The rational use of drugs in veterinary medicine has various significances, such as reducing the risk of drug resistance, increasing efficacy, reducing drug residue, and decreasing adverse drug reactions. The objective of this study is to evaluate the types of rational use of veterinary drugs prescribed by veterinarians in the veterinary clinics of the Masha district. A sample was selected using a systematic random sampling method and the sampling unit was an animal patient encountered at Ateso veterinary clinic for the treatment of acute and/or chronic illness. A retrospective study was conducted to assess veterinary drug prescribing practices at Ateso woreda veterinary clinics in the southwest areas of Ethiopia. A total of 920 cases were recorded from the case registration books at the Ateso Veterinary clinic for diseases treated between January 2021 and February 2022. The study indicates that in Ateso veterinary clinic, 111(12.1%) young, 548(59.6%) adult and 261(28.4%) were old. In this retrospective study, 654(71.1%) cattle, 62(6.7%) chicken, 66(7.2%) goat and 138(15.0%) were sheep in diagnosed animals. Regarding the agro-ecological partition in study area, 542(58.9%), 129(14.0%) and 249(27.1%) of diagnosed animals were highland, lowland and midland respectively. The study results showed that for a total of 920 cases diagnosed at clinic, 1788 different drugs were prescribed, with an average per encounter of 1.9. Among the total drugs, Penstrep (31.7%), Albendazole (23.3%), Oxytetracycline (19.4%), Ivermectine (12.3%, Sulfa drugs (6.7%), Isomitamidium chloride (3.7%) and Veridium(2.9%) were the most leading prescribed drugs. All drugs were prescribed by the generic name without any laboratory support of the disease. The prescribing practices showed 51.1 % of antibiotics and 23.3 % of anthelmintic was prescribed for veterinary diseases treatment at Ateso veterinary clinic. Of the prescribed drugs, 7 % Anthelmentics (Albendazole) was prescribed irrationally to treat diseases that were tentatively diagnosed as infectious diseases. Similarly, 2.1 % of Antibiotics were prescribed for parasitic disease. In conclusion, this study revealed problems in antibiotics and Anthelmintics use, a description of routes of administration and length of treatment, and a shortage of laboratory diagnostic facilities. Therefore, veterinary drugs particularly Antibiotics and Anthelmintics should be used appropriately to safeguard the public from residual drug impacts and resistance development.


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How to Cite

Esayas Balcha, & Teshager Shawano. (2023). Veterinary Drug Prescribing Practices at Ateso Veterinary Clinic of Masha Woreda, Sheka Zone, South West Ethiopia. International Journal of Agriculture, Biology & Environment (e-ISSN 2582-6107) DOI: 10.47504/IJAGRI, 3(4), 1–13.