International Journal of Agriculture, Biology & Environment ( e-ISSN 2582-6107 ) <p><img src="/public/site/images/adminijagri/COVER_PAGE3.jpg"></p> <p>International Journal of Agriculture, Biology &amp; Environment (IJAGRI) publishes new ideas, the state of the art research results and fundamental advances in all fields of agriculture, Biology &amp; Environmental Sciences, as reviews, research articles, and short communications. Openly accessible IJAGRI provides wider sharing of knowledge and the acceleration of research, and is thus in the best interest of authors, potential readers, and increases the availability, accessibility, visibility and impact of the papers, and the journal as a whole. IJAGRI aims at promoting agricultural, Biology &amp; Environmental Sciences, increasing academic prosperity, and fostering international academic exchange and cooperation. This journal provides a platform for sharing the latest high-quality research concerning the agricultural, Biology &amp; Environmental Sciences.</p> <p><strong>Call for Papers:&nbsp;</strong></p> <p>Deadline:&nbsp;<strong>Submission is open</strong></p> <p><strong>Review notification: Within&nbsp; 5 to 7 days Read more information <a href="">here</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Publication:&nbsp;</strong>Accepted papers will be added immediately to the "current" volume's Table of Contents.</p> <p>Download:&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Paper Template</a></p> <p><strong>Benefits for Authors&nbsp;</strong></p> <ul> <li class="show">IJAGRI&nbsp; is an International, Peer-Reviewed, Open Access Journal</li> <li class="show">All the published articles are assigned a Unique CrossRef DOI with a prefix: 10.47504/IJAGRI</li> <li class="show">The IJAGRI journal utilizes the LOCKSS system to create Digital archiving system</li> <li class="show">Indexed in Major services like, Google Scholar, CrossRef, World Cat, PKP Indexing, Schematic Scholar, BASE, Microsoft Academic, Open Aire and more.</li> <li class="show">Free Digital Certificate to Each author</li> <li class="show">Worldwide Indexing Immediately After The Paper Publication</li> <li class="show">The IJAGRI uses PKP dynamic software.</li> <li class="show"><strong><em>Copyright&nbsp;</em></strong>on any article in this journal is&nbsp;<strong>retained by the author(s) under the Creative Commons license CCBY NC 4.</strong></li> <li class="show">Paper Will Be Published Immediately in The Current Issue After Acceptance.</li> <li class="show">IJAGRI uses IEEE&nbsp; Paper Template.</li> </ul> <p>&nbsp;</p> Sretechjournal Publication en-US International Journal of Agriculture, Biology & Environment ( e-ISSN 2582-6107 ) 2582-6107 Study of Microbial Community of Hydrocarbon Impacted Sites of Bodo Oilfield, Ogoniland Rivers State, Nigeria <p><em>Hydrocarbon pollution has greatly altered the normal microbial flora of our environments; this has led to the succession of hydrocarbonoclastic microbes in oil impacted sites. This study is a comparative study of the microbial flora of hydrocarbon impacted site of Bodo oilfield and the non-impacted site in Ogoniland. A total of 12 samples were collected, 6 from the oil impacted site, and 6 from the non-impacted site. The sample were coded A –F. The physicochemical parameter of soil was determined, the microbiological examination was conducted to determine the bacterial and fungal communities present at each site. The result shows that higher population of oil-degrading microorganisms were found on the hydrocarbon impacted site, prominent among them were Micrococcus, Acinetobacter, Corynebacterium, Bacillus, Pseudomonas, Flavobacterium, Actinomycetes, fungi isolated from impacted sites includes Candida, Rhizopus mucor and Aspergillus, while the non-impacted site has: streptococcus, staphylococcus, E.coli, and Actinomycetes species. There were also fungal isolate of which only Candida was the only isolate. A microbial growth ranges between&nbsp; 1.1 x 10<sup>3 </sup>to 9.1 x 10<sup>3 </sup>CFU/ml.</em></p> Gbode, Lekia Yenor Wiri Thankgod Bariyaa Copyright (c) 2020 2020-07-02 2020-07-02 1 2 1 3 10.47504/IJAGRI.2020.5110 Outline of Animals and Plants-Based antimicrobial agents (NAA) in Antimicrobial food packaging (AFP): A new paradigm in food industry <p><em>Natural compounds due to their less toxicity for human health are desired for antimicrobial food packaging. Natural compounds derived from plants, animals and microorganisms such as oils, phenols, terpenes, aliphatic compounds, aldehydes, organic acids and glucosinolates. Polyphenol around food inhibits gas exchange, moisture, flavor and other soluble transfer, hence, increase shelf life. Less use of phenols in food is enhanced by using polyphenols in the food industry, that maintain superficial expression, lowering bacterial activity at upper surfaced of vegetables, fruits and raw muscle food. From hypothetical studies, it is estimated that synthetic or artificial antibacterial agents are more beneficial as compared to the natural. Microbe’s free food is an innovative demand of the food industry and it is need of the hour to use cheaper safer and healthy ways for the preservation of food. The meat industry is dependent on the antimicrobial packaging which is necessary for the safety of the meat. Efficient packaging and antimicrobial agents are the main aspects of the best quality and safety of meat and meat products. This review gives new insight into natural compounds used for antimicrobial food packaging and the application of antimicrobial food packaging.</em></p> Ali Raza Ishaq Fatima Noor Ayesha Noor Iqra Farzeen Iqra Afzal Muhammad Ilyas Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Agriculture, Biology & Environment ( e-ISSN 2582-6107 ) 2020-08-10 2020-08-10 1 2 4 15 10.47504/IJAGRI.2020.5115 Assessment of Anti-Nutrient and Vitamin Compositions of Pleurotus Ostreatus Cultivated on three Waste Materials <p><em>Studies on the assessment of anti-nutrient and vitamin compositions of Pleurotus ostreatus cultivated on three agrowastes materials were carried out in Dilomat Farms and Services Limited and Department of Plant Science and Biotechnology, Rivers State University. Ten treatments were obtained from the mixtures of cassava bran, wood ash and sawdust at different concentrations which also comprised the control and combined effect. Vitamins assessed were Vitamins A, C, Thiamine and Niacin. The combined effect (CE) had the highest contents of these vitamins investigated. However, minimal concentrations of Vitamin C was recorded. The anti-nutrient analysis showed that the CE treatment had the highest values of phytate </em><em>(1.95±0.00), oxalate (0.71±0.02) and flavonoid (3.52±0.03). Although, the highest values of tannin (7.20±0.00) and polyphenol (2.50±0.00) were recorded for sawdust and cassava bran (SCB) treatment. The highest concentration of saponin (0.08±0.00) was observed for sawdust and wood ash (SWA) treatment than others. Nevertheless, there was no fruit recorded for higher concentrations of SCB treatment due to contamination. The cyanide concentrations (0.03±0.02 to 0.52±0.01) for treatments containing cassava bran were all within the acceptable limit. Generally, the combined effect treatment performed better than every other treatment utilized.</em></p> AGBAGWA, S. S CHUKU, E. C WEKHE, O Copyright (c) 2020 2020-09-02 2020-09-02 1 2 16 21 10.47504/IJAGRI.2020.5120 Determination of Mineral and Proximate Compositions of Pleurotus Ostreatus Grown on three Agrowastes <p><em>Studies on the determination of mineral and proximate compositions of Pleurotus ostreatus grown on three agrowastes were carried out in the Department of Plant Science and Biotechnology and Dilomat Farms and Services Limited, Rivers State University. The three agrowastes (sawdust, wood ash and cassava bran) were mixed at different concentration levels and ten treatments including the combined effect and control were obtained. Proximate compositions which were moisture, ash, lipid, fibre, carbohydrate and protein were investigated. The highest values of carbohydrate (22.61±0.00) and fibre (56.20±0.00) were observed for sawdust and cassava bran (SCB) treatment. Although, the combined effect (CE) had the highest concentrations of protein (8.70±0.00) and ash (5.42±0.02). Moisture and lipid were highest for sawdust and wood ash (SWA) and control treatments respectively. Mineral analysis of harvested P. Ostreatus showed that SWA treatment had the highest values for Magnesium, Phosphorus, Potassium and Sodium. However, the highest Calcium (25.11±0.01) and Iron (3.43±0.04) contents were recorded for SCB and CE treatments respectively. However, sawdust and cassava bran treatments with higher concentrations recorded no harvest due to contamination. Generally, the SWA treatment had higher mineral values while CE performed better for proximate composition.</em></p> AGBAGWA, S. S CHUKU, E. C EMIRI, U. N Copyright (c) 2020 2020-09-03 2020-09-03 1 2 22 27 10.47504/IJAGRI.2020.5119