Analysis of the Effectiveness of the Policy and Institutional Structures/Mechanisms for Environmental Management in Enugu State, Nigeria


  • Ettum P. O University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria
  • Ikubaiyeje K. P Ahmadu Bello University, Kabba Campus, Kogi state, Nigeria
  • Okoh T. C University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria
  • Umar O. M Support Project, Lokoja Kogi state, Nigeria
  • Ibe J. C University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria



Policy, Environment, Waste Management, Pollution, Effectiveness, Institutional Structures


 Nigeria is rapidly urbanizing and is forecasted to become the 3rd most urbanized nation by 2100. Expectedly, rapid urbanization presents challenges in many areas including the management of municipal services such as solid waste. This yawning failure is reflected in the poor quality of waste services across Nigerian cities. This study focuses on the analysis of the effectiveness of policy and institutional structures/mechanisms for environmental management in Enugu State. The specific objectives are to: identify and analyze the effectiveness of the policies through the performance of the institutions for environmental management and identify the shortcomings of the policies and constraints to the performance of the institutions. Data were generated by a field survey involving the administration of a structured questionnaire. Multistage and Random sampling techniques were used in the selection of three hundred and seventy-eight adult household heads and eleven staff both from the State Ministry of Environment and Mineral Resources and Enugu State Waste Management Authority (ESWAMA). Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics. The result shows that Removal and disposal of waste, vehicles and dead animals, cleaning of streets and sewage clearing and maintenance of disposable equipment where the roles played by ESWAMA; whereas urban sanitation, pollution control and impact assessment were the roles played by the Ministry of Environment and Mineral Resources. Problems identified among the staff against the performance of the institutions include; limitations of the legal framework, institutional bottleneck, corruption, inadequate of EIA, Inadequate funds, and Ignorance. The study recommends the review of the environmental policies and advises that the legal framework should be strengthened for the proper implementation of laws.


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How to Cite

Ettum P. O, Ikubaiyeje K. P, Okoh T. C, Umar O. M, & Ibe J. C. (2021). Analysis of the Effectiveness of the Policy and Institutional Structures/Mechanisms for Environmental Management in Enugu State, Nigeria. International Journal of Agriculture, Biology & Environment (e-ISSN 2582-6107) DOI: 10.47504/IJAGRI, 2(4), 1–18.