Influence of organic amendments on soil fertility and the growth of maize (Zea mays)


  • Meshack Appiah Ofori Nanjing Forestry University, China
  • Isaac Eminent University of Energy and Natural Resources , Ghana
  • Isaac Sarfo Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, China
  • Collins Oduro Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, China



Soil fertility, Organic fertilizer, Poultry manure, Compost


In recent years, the application of poultry manure and compost as a soil amendment has generated huge interest for the preservation of soil fertility by improving the physicochemical and biological properties of soil, and for the reduction of the negative effects of greenhouse emissions. In this study, we investigated the effect of two soil amendments, namely poultry manure and compost, on soil parameters and their influence on maize growth performance. The experiment was conducted at the nursery site at the University of Energy and Natural Resources where organic amendments were applied to the soil at different application rate compost (10 t/ha and 5 t/h) and poultry (10 t/ha and 5 t/h, respectively). The results show that organic amendments increased the NPK content of the soil. Plant growth parameters are also increased by the application of the organic amendment. There was no significant improvement in plant height, plant girth, and the number of leaves with the application of both poultry manure and compost. However, biomass yield and leaf area of plants significantly increased in soils amended with poultry manure and compost. Poultry manure was found to contain higher nutrients and contributed to higher maize growth than compost and the control. This study showed that organic amendments increased soil fertility and crop growth.

Author Biographies

Isaac Eminent , University of Energy and Natural Resources , Ghana

Department of Environmental management 

Isaac Sarfo, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, China

Research Institute for History of Science and Technology 

Collins Oduro, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, China

Research institute for History of Science and Technology 


Aliyu, L. (2000). The effects of organic and mineral fertilizer on growth, yield, and composition of pepper (Capsicum annum). Biol. Agric. Hort. 18, 29–36.

Appiah, M., Blay, D., Damnyag, L., Dwomoh, F. K., Pappinen, A. &Luukkanen, O. (2009). Dependence on forest resources and tropical deforestation in Ghana. Environ. Dev. Sustain., 11, 471–487.

Badiane, O. & Delgado, C. L. (1995). A 2020 vision for food, agriculture, and the environment. Washington DC: International Food Policy Research Institute.

Bhuma, M. (2007). Studies on the impact of humic acid on the sustenance of soil fertility and productivity of green gram (Unpublished master’s dissertation). Tamil Nadu Agricultural University: India.

Blake, L. Goulding K.W.T., Mott, C.J. B. &Johnston, A.E. (1999). Changes in soil chemistry accompanying acidification over more than 100 years under woodland and grass at Rothamsted Experimental Station, UK. European Journal of Soil Science, 50, 401–412.

Boateng, S.A., Kornahrens, M. & Zickermann.J. (2007). Nitrogen use efficiency of poultry manure by maize. Journal of Science and Technology, 27 (2), 73-81.

Bremner, J.M. and Mulvancy, C.S. (1982). Nitrogen-Total. In: Page, Methods of soil analysis Part 2, Agron Monogr. 9 (2nd edition) ASA and SSSA, Madison, Wsc, pp. 403-430.

Calderón, F. J., McCarty, G. W. & Reeves, J. B. (2005). Analysis of manure and soil nitrogen mineralization during incubation. Biol. Fert. Soils, 41, 328–336.

Chiu, K. K., Z. H. Ye, & Wong, M. H. (2006.). Growth of Vetiveriazizanioides and Phragmitiesaustralis on Pb/Zn and Cu mine tailings amended with manure compost and sewage sludge: A study. Bioresour. Technol., 97, 158–170.

Dauda, S.N., Aliyu, L. & Chiezey, U.F. (2005). Effect of seedling age at transplanting and poultry manure on fruit yield and nutrients of garden egg varieties. J. Trop. Sci., 5, 38–41.

Dauda, S.N., Ajayi, F.A. & Ndor, E. (2008). Growth and yield of watermelon (Citrulluslanatus) as affected by poultry manure application. Journal of Agriculture & Social Sciences, 121–124.

International Institute for Tropical Agriculture. (1979). Laboratory manual for soil and plant analysis. Ibadan: IITA.

John, L.W., Jamer, D.B. Samuel, L.T. & Warner, L.W. (2004). Soil Fertility and Fertilizers: An introduction to nutrient management. India: Pearson Education.

Khatik, S. K.& Dikshi, P.R. (2001). Integrated use of organic materials and inorganic fertilizers on yield, quality, economics, and nutrition of sunflower grown in Haplustert clay soil. Ag. Sci. Digest., 21, 87-90.

Lai, Q.W., Li, C.G.& Huang, Q.H. (1992). Effect of continuous application of inorganic fertilizer on soil structure properties of paddy soil derived from red soil. ActaPedologica Sinica, 29, 168–174.

Larney, F. J. & Angers, D. A. (2012). The role of organic amendments in soil reclamation: A review. Can. J. Soil Sci., 92, 19-38.

Li, J.T.& Zhang, B. (2007). Paddy soil stability and mechanical properties as affected by long-term application of chemical fertilizer and animal manure in subtropical China. Pedosphere, 17, 568–579.

Mokwunye, A. U., de Jager, A. & Smaling, E. M. A. (1996). Restoring and maintaining the productivity of West Africa Soils: Key to sustainable development. Alabama: International Fertilizer Development Center.

Nelson, D. W. &Sommers, L. S. (1982). Total carbon, organic carbon, and organic matter. Agron. Monogr. 9, 539-579.

Okoh, G. & Hilson, G. (2011). Poverty and livelihood diversification: Exploring the linkages between smallholder farming and artisanal mining in rural Ghana. Journal of International Development, 23, 1100-1114.

Rodriguez, F., Guerrero, C., Moral, R., Ayguade, H. & Mataix-Beneyto, J. (2005). Effects of composted and non-composted solid waste of pig slurry on nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium contents into Mediterranean soils. Comm. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 36, 635-647.

Sobulo, R. A. & Babalola, O. (1992). Improved organic fertilizer and soil condition. Lagos: Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Water Resources and Rural Development.

Sullivan, D.M., Bary, A. I., Nartea, T.J., Myrhe, E.A., Cogger, C.G. & Fransen, S.C. (2003). Nitrogen availability seven years after a high-rate food waste compost application. Compost Sci Util. 11, 265-273.

Wong, M. H. (2003). Ecological restoration of mine degraded soils, with emphasis on metal contaminated soils. Chemosphere, 50, 775– 780.


How to Cite

Ofori, M. A., Eminent , I., Sarfo, I. ., & Oduro, C. (2021). Influence of organic amendments on soil fertility and the growth of maize (Zea mays). International Journal of Agriculture, Biology & Environment (e-ISSN 2582-6107) DOI: 10.47504/IJAGRI, 2(3), 7–16.