Determination of Mineral and Proximate Compositions of Pleurotus Ostreatus Grown on three Agrowastes


  • AGBAGWA, S. S Rivers State University, Rivers State, Nigeria
  • CHUKU, E. C Rivers State University, Rivers State, Nigeria
  • EMIRI, U. N Isaac Jasper Boro College of Education, Bayelsa State, Nigeria



Pleurotus ostreatus, Proximate, Minerals, Agrowastes


Studies on the determination of mineral and proximate compositions of Pleurotus ostreatus grown on three agrowastes were carried out in the Department of Plant Science and Biotechnology and Dilomat Farms and Services Limited, Rivers State University. The three agrowastes (sawdust, wood ash and cassava bran) were mixed at different concentration levels and ten treatments including the combined effect and control were obtained. Proximate compositions which were moisture, ash, lipid, fibre, carbohydrate and protein were investigated. The highest values of carbohydrate (22.61±0.00) and fibre (56.20±0.00) were observed for sawdust and cassava bran (SCB) treatment. Although, the combined effect (CE) had the highest concentrations of protein (8.70±0.00) and ash (5.42±0.02). Moisture and lipid were highest for sawdust and wood ash (SWA) and control treatments respectively. Mineral analysis of harvested P. Ostreatus showed that SWA treatment had the highest values for Magnesium, Phosphorus, Potassium and Sodium. However, the highest Calcium (25.11±0.01) and Iron (3.43±0.04) contents were recorded for SCB and CE treatments respectively. However, sawdust and cassava bran treatments with higher concentrations recorded no harvest due to contamination. Generally, the SWA treatment had higher mineral values while CE performed better for proximate composition.


Adebola, M. O., Yusuf, S., Bello, T. S., & Kalesanwo, A. O. (2018). Effects of different plant sawdust substrates on the cultivation of Plerotus ostreatus. Niger J. Mycol., 10:116-128.
Ahmed, M., Abdullah, N., & Nuruddin, M. M. (2016). Yield and nutritional composition of oyster mushrooms: An alternative nutritional source for rural people. Sains Malaysiana, 45(11): 1609-1615.
AOAC, (1990). Official methods of analysis of AOAC international. 15th edition. Association of official analytical chemists, Washington, D.C., USA.
AOAC, (2005). Official methods of analysis of AOAC international. 18th edition. Association of official analytical chemists, Washington, D.C., USA.
Bao, D., Kinugasa, S., & Kitamoto, Y. (2004). The biological species of oyster mushrooms (Pleurotus spp) from Asia based on mating compatibility test. J. Wood Sci., 50: 162-168.
Campos-Vega, R., Loarca-Pina, G., & Oomah, B. D. (2010). Minor components of pulses and their potential impact on human health. Food Res. Int., 43:461-482.
Chinda, M. M., & Chinda, F. (2007). Mushroom cultivation for health and wealth. Image and Media Associates Ltd., pp104.
Chirinang, P., & Intarapichet, K. (2009). Amino acids and antioxidant properties of the oyster mushrooms, Pleurotus ostreatus and P. sajor-caju. Science Asia, 35: 326-331.
Duru, M., Eboagwu, I., Kalu, W., & Odika, P. (2019). Nutritional, anti-nutritional and biochemical studies on the oyster mushroom, Pleurotus ostreatus. E. C. Nutrition, 14(1): 36-59.
Familoni, T. V., Ogidi, C. O., Akinyele, B. J., & Onifade, A. K. (2018). Evaluation of yield, biological efficiency and proximate composition of Pleurotus species cultivated on different wood dusts. Czech Mycology, 70(1):33-45.
Fasidi, I. O., Kadiri, M., Jonathan, S. G., Adenipekun, C. O., & Kuforiji O. O. (2008). Cultivtaion of edible tropical mushrooms. Ibadan University Press, pp77.
Idu, M., & Onyibe, H. I. (2007). Medicinal plants of Edo State, Nigeria. Research J. of Med. Plants, 1:32-41.
Iqbal, B., Khan, H., Khan, I., Shan, B., Naeem, A., Ullah, W., Khan, N., Adnan, M., Shah, S. R. A., Junaid, K., Ahmed, N., & Iqbal, M. (2016). Substrates evaluation for the quality, production and growth of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus florida Cetto). J. of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 4(3): 98-107.
Islam, T., Zakaria, Z., Hamidin, N., & Ishak, M. A. (2017). Analysis of major nutritional components of Pleurotus pulmonarius during cultivation in different indoor environmental conditions on sawdust. Turkish J. of Agric. Food Sci. & Technol., 5(3): 239-246.
Jonathan, S. G., Nwokolo, V. M., & Ekpo, E. N. (2013). Yield performance of Pleurotus pulmonarius (Freis) Quelet, cultivated on different agro-forest wastes in Nigeria. World Rural Observations, 5(1): 22-30.
Jonathan, S. G., & Fasidi, I. O. (2001). Effect of carbon, nitrogen and mineral sources on growth of Psathyerella afroumbonata (Pegler), a Nigerian mushroom. Food Chem., 72: 479-483.
Kuforiji, O. O., & Fasidi, I. O. (2006). Vegetative growth requirements of V. volvacea, a Nigerian mushroom. J. Appl. Sci., 9(2): 6309-6315.
Liasu, M. O., Adeeyo, A. O., Olaosun, O., & Oyedokun, R. O. (2015). Pleurotus pulmonarius cultivation on amended palm press fibre waste. Afri. J. of Biotech., 14(19): 1624-1631.
Marten, L. G., Nilsen, M. M., & Provan, F. (2017). Pea hulfibre: Novel and sustainable fibre with important health and fractional properties. E. C. Nutrition, 10(4):139-148.
Nwoko, M. C., Onyeizu, U. R., Okwulehie, I. C., & Ukoima, H. N. (2017). Nutritional and bioactive compounds evaluation of Pleurotus pulmonarius (Freis) quell fruit bodies grown on different wood logs in Abia state, Nigeria. J. Pet. Environ. Biotechnol., 7: 325.
Oyetayo, V. O., & Ariyo, O. O. (2013). Micro and macro nutrient properties of Pleurotus ostreatus (Jacq:Fries) cultivated on different wood substrate. Jordan J. of Biol. Sci., 6(3):223-266.
Phillips, R. (2006). Mushrooms. McMilan Pub., pp266.
Piska, K., Sulkowska-Ziaja, K., & Muszynska, B. (2007). Edible mushroom Pleurotus ostreatus (Oyster mushroom)- its dietary significance and biological activity. Acta Sci. Pol. Hortorum Cultus, 16(1): 151-161.
Sharmila, S., Rebecca, J. L., Tissopi, T., & Kowsalya, E. (2015). Effect of substrates on the cultivation of Pleurotus ostreatus and its nutritional analysis. Der Pharmacia Lettre, 7(8): 193-196.
Trudell, S., & Ammirati, J. (2009). Mushrooms of the pacific northwest. Timber press, Poortland, pp 134.


How to Cite

AGBAGWA, S. S, CHUKU, E. C, & EMIRI, U. N. (2020). Determination of Mineral and Proximate Compositions of Pleurotus Ostreatus Grown on three Agrowastes. International Journal of Agriculture, Biology & Environment (e-ISSN 2582-6107) DOI: 10.47504/IJAGRI, 1(2), 22–27.